Bullying key findings

Bullying is a complex phenomenon that affects youths across all ages and backgrounds. Below, we explore what we’ve learned about this issue, highlighting key lessons and effective strategies for its prevention.

Lasting Effects of Bullying

Bullying has a significant impact that can extend into adulthood. It affects not only those who are bullied but also the aggressors and witnesses to bullying. This phenomenon contributes to the development of emotional and social problems for all involved.

Diversity in Bullying Profiles

Contrary to what many might think, there is no single profile of youth involved in bullying. Bullies can be popular, socially active youths or marginalized individuals. Similarly, victims of bullying can sometimes become bullies themselves.

Comprehensive Prevention Strategies

The most promising solutions for tackling school bullying involve the entire educational community. Strategies that include students, families, administrators, and school staff are crucial for fostering a culture of respect and empathy. It is important to understand that punitive measures like expulsion and zero-tolerance policies are rarely effective.

Role of Bystanders in Bullying Prevention

Bystanders play a critical role in preventing bullying. Intervening safely can stop bullying and change the power dynamics in bullying situations. It is vital to educate and empower students to act against bullying when they witness it.

The Role of Adults

Adults can play a decisive role in preventing bullying. Talking openly about the issue, encouraging activities where youths feel valued, modeling respectful behaviors, and seeking professional help are key strategies for mitigating this problem.

Connection Between School Bullying and Suicide

The relationship between school bullying and suicide is complex and multifactorial. Although bullying can increase the risk of suicidal behaviors, it is incorrect to present it as the sole cause. The media should handle this topic with sensitivity and accuracy, avoiding oversimplifications that can be harmful.

Common Types of Bullying

Bullying can manifest in various ways, including:

  • Spreading rumors or lies.
  • Teasing, name-calling, or insults.
  • Physical aggression such as pushing or tripping.
  • Deliberate social exclusion.
  • Threats of physical harm.
  • Coercion to perform unwanted actions.
  • Intentional destruction of property.


Understanding school bullying and its dynamics is essential for developing effective prevention and support strategies. Education, early intervention, and community support are crucial for mitigating the effects of bullying and promoting a healthy and safe school environment for all students.

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