Analysis of juvenile delinquency and its prevention

The academic and professional debate surrounding the causes of juvenile delinquency continues to be highly relevant. While some argue that the intrinsic nature of certain individuals, identifiable from an early age by their uncontrollable behavior, predisposes them to become lifelong criminals, other arguments focus on a notable behavioral change occurring at the end of adolescence. During this period, many youths show a decrease in impulsive behavior and a significant increase in self-control, marking a cessation in their criminal activities.

Childhood is often seen as a developmental stage where self-control is not fully developed, leading to impulses that can result in inappropriate behaviors or criminal acts. During this critical period extending into adolescence, the influence of parents, educators, and other adults is crucial in teaching children to manage these impulses by strengthening internal controls and skills to face life’s challenges.

Risk Factors Associated with Juvenile Delinquency

  1. Strain and Parental Rejection: Parental rejection, characterized by low affection and support, along with manifest hostility, can foster delinquent behaviors.
  2. Discrimination and Marginalization: Experiences of discrimination based on race, gender, sexual orientation, or religious beliefs increase frustration and anger, factors that can trigger crimes.
  3. Unfavorable Environments: Living in economically disadvantaged communities with poor supervision can increase juvenile delinquency.
  4. Negative Academic and Social Experiences: Poor relationships with teachers, low academic performance, and abuse by peers are significant catalysts for criminal behavior.
  5. Abuse and Neglect: Child maltreatment and neglect are powerful predictors of future delinquent behavior.

Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Programs

  1. Early Developmental Prevention: Early identification and elimination of risk factors through educational programs and family support.
  2. Physical Security in Schools: Although common, the effectiveness of measures such as metal detectors is questionable.
  3. Education and Life Skills Training: Programs focused on developing social skills, self-control, and conflict resolution.
  4. Initiatives Against School Bullying: Establishing clear rules and training to prevent and respond to bullying.
  5. Police and Community Collaboration: Collaboration between schools and the police to enhance safety and mutual understanding.
  6. Neighborhood Action Initiatives: Changes in laws and policies, community mobilization, and neighborhood watch to reduce crime.


Juvenile delinquency is a multifaceted phenomenon that requires a holistic approach to prevention. By understanding the underlying causes and implementing proactive strategies during the early stages of individuals’ lives, it is possible to significantly mitigate risk factors and promote a healthy and productive development of youth.